Role of Bikeshare Programs in Transit-Oriented Development: Case of Birmingham, Alabama


Seth Appiah-Opoku, Ph.D., AICP  Joe Weber  C. Glass, S. L. Jones, Jr., Judith Oppong




Glass, C., S. Appiah-OpokuJ. Weber, S. L. Jones Jr., A. Chan, and J. Oppong. 2020. Role of bikeshare programs in transit-oriented development: Case of Birmingham, Alabama. Journal of Urban Planning and Development 146(2).

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Transit-oriented development (TOD) is a community development strategy that has increasingly gained exposure in urban areas across the United States as a method for reducing urban sprawl and increasing community vitality. Specifically, bikesharing is seen to play a major role in the success of transit-oriented development across urban communities as it increases travel possibilities, encourages public transit connections, and provides opportunities for recreation. This research employed a case study of Zyp BikeShare, a point-to-point bike rental program that began in Birmingham, Alabama, in 2015. We analyzed the bikesharing program in terms of its role in TOD, user catchment areas, transit paths, and usage trends. In doing so, we were able to create a methodology for analyzing specific bikeshare programs. The methodology and lessons could be replicated in assessing bikeshare systems in other cities with similar urban growth and natural characteristics.